On the 15th of August 2019, the second update of the invasive alien species of union concerns entered into force.

The additions consist of 5 animals and 13 plants. The list counts now 66 species (new species in bold):


Scientific name English name
Acacia saligna (Acacia cyanophylla) Golden wreath wattle
Ailanthus altissima Tree of heaven
Alternanthera philoxeroides Alligator weed
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge bluestem
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed
Baccharis halimifolia Eastern baccharis
Cabomba caroliniana Fanwort
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Balloon vine
Cortaderia jubata Purple pampas grass
Eichhornia crassipes Water hyacinth
Elodea nuttallii Nuttall’s waterweed
Ehrharta calycina Perrenial veldt grass
Gunnera tinctoria Chilean rhubarb
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides Senegal tea plant
Heracleum mantegazzianum Giant hogweed
Heracleum persicum Persian hogweed
Heracleum sosnowskyi Sosnowsky’s hogweed
Humulus scandens Japanese hop
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides Floating pennywort
Impatiens glandulifera Himalayan balsam
Lagarosiphon major Curly waterweed
Lespedeza cuneata (Lespedeza juncea var. sericea) Chinese bushclover
Ludwigia grandiflora Water-primrose
Ludwigia peploides Floating primrose-willow
Lygodium japonicum Vine-like fern
Lysichiton americanus American skunk cabbage
Microstegium vimineum Japanese stiltgrass
Myriophyllum aquaticum Parrot’s feather
Myriophyllum heterophyllum Broadleaf watermilfoil
Parthenium hysterophorus Whitetop weed
Pennisetum setaceum Crimson fountaingrass
Persicaria perfoliata Asiatic tearthumb
Prosopis juliflora Mesquite
Pueraria lobata Kudzu vine
Salvinia molesta (Salvinia adnata) Salvinia moss
Triadica sebifera (Sapium sebiferum) Chinese tallow



Scientific name English name
Acridotheres tristis Common myna
Alopochen aegyptiacus Egyptian goose
Arthurdendyus triangulates New Zealand flatworm
Callosciurus erythraeus Pallas’ squirrel
Corvus splendens Indian house crow
Eriocheir sinensis Chinese mittencrab
Herpestes javanicus Small Asian mongoose
Lepomis gibbosus Pumpkinseed
Lithobates catesbeianus American bullfrog
Muntiacus reevesi Muntjac deer
Myocastor coypus Coypu
Nasua nasua Coati
Nyctereutes procyonoides Raccoon dog
Ondatra zibethicus Muskrat
Orconectes limosus Spiny-cheek crayfish
Orconectes virilis Virile crayfish
Oxyura jamaicensis  Ruddy duck
Pacifastacus leniusculus Signal crayfish
Percottus glenii Amur sleeper
Plotosus lineatus Striped eel catfish
Procambarus clarkii Red swamp crayfish
Procambarus fallax f. virginalis Marbled crayfish
Procyon lotor Raccoon
Pseudorasbora parva Stone moroko
Sciurus carolinensis Grey squirrel
Sciurus niger Fox squirrel
Tamias sibiricus Siberian chipmunk
Threskiornis aethiopicus Sacred ibis
Trachemys scripta Red-eared, yellow-bellied and Cumberland sliders
Vespa velutina nigrithorax Asian hornet


Hunters play a significant role in the surveillance, management and eradication of IAS in Europe and, in most cases, this work is undertaken voluntarily (see the FACE Biodiversity Manifesto).

European hunters should note that all Member States are obliged to establish management measures for invasive alien species of Union concern in their territory. Those measures shall aim at eradication, population control or containment. For widespread IAS, there is no eradication obligation, but it is the prerogative of the Member State to select measures appropriate to its specific circumstances and based on an analysis of costs and benefits. FACE encourages its Members to work with relevant Ministries to ensure that hunters are part of the management of IAS.


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