Background

Green Infrastructure

In the EU, many ecosystems have been degraded, largely as a result of land fragmentation.

With the Council of the EU endorsing the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020, the EU and its Member States are committed to maintaining and enhancing ecosystem services and restoring degraded ecosystems by incorporating a concept of Green Infrastructure in spatial planning.

Some Green Infrastructure concepts already exist at different scales, however there is no coherence and no commonly agreed approaches throughout Europe as to how to bring about the necessary results.

The establishment and maintenance of Green Infrastructure needs the engagement of land managers and users, such as farmers, foresters and hunters.

Within The Biodiversity Manifesto, FACE and its Members elaborated on Green Infrastructure with three action points. Hunters have knowledge on movements of wildlife and hence can advise on functional connectivity of landscape features (e.g. for planning green bridges and corridors) as well as on coordinated management schemes (e.g. through Game Management Units).

Hunters are often the only conservation and restoration force in ordinary landscapes (nonpriority habitats) such as in intensive agriculture (e.g. planting hedgerows and wild flower strips), where biodiversity friendly grant schemes are difficult to obtain. Green Infrastructure and hunters need to work with each other, not against each other.

See the Commission’s page on Green Infrastucture.